Renée Richards (born August 19, 1934) is an American ophthalmologist, author and former professional tennis player.
In 1975, Richards underwent sex reassignment surgery. She was denied entry into the 1976 US Open by the United States Tennis Association, citing an unprecedented women-born-women policy.
She disputed the ban, and the New York Supreme Court ruled in her favour in 1977. Richards v. US Tennis Association (1977) was a landmark decision in favour of transsexual rights.
In 1986 she published her autobiography, Second Serve, which was made into a TV-movie starring Vanessa Redgrave as Raskind/Richards.
- Richards v. US Tennis Association 93 Misc.2d 713 (1977) – Transcript of the landmark case, via leagle.com
- Profile at glbtq.com